Lay financial foundations before investing
My husband and I are in our 30s. We have $15,000 in debt spread across student loans, credit cards, and a car payment. We make decent money, and weíve each got around $50,000 in our pension plans. What steps can we take towards becoming good investors?
When youíre building wealth, everything will fall apart unless you have a rock-solid foundation. If someone has an eye towards investing, I always recommend they first become debt-free. Another thing I advise ahead of investing is saving up an emergency fund of three to six months of expenses. This is money you never touch, except in the case of a real emergency.
Once these two elements are in place, youíve constructed that solid financial foundation from which you can begin building wealth. Most people skip these two steps, and jump right into funding things like retirement funds and mutual funds. These are all great investment tools, but when you do it this way itís like building a house by starting the framing before youíve laid the foundation. This kind of approach is likely to cause setbacks and all kinds of other problems down the road.
What Iím recommending makes up the beginning Baby Steps in my plan. The very first Baby Step is to get a starter emergency fund of $1,000 in the bank.
Baby Step 2 is paying off all debt, except for your home, using the debt snowball method.
And Baby Step 3 is to finish growing your emergency fund until you have three to six months of expenses saved.
Investing is Baby Step 4, and that means 15 per cent of your household income going towards retirement.
In your situation, debt isnít really the problem. Itís a symptom of you two buying things you couldnít afford.
Start living on a written, monthly budget. Give every dollar a name before the month begins, and break that debt cycle by developing a permanent financial game plan. Once you do that, Iíll bet both of you will end up feeling like you got a raise.
Even better, youíll have started down the path to freeing up your largest wealth-building tool ó your income!
ē Dave Ramsey is CEO of Ramsey Solutions. He has authored seven bestselling books, including The Total Money Makeover. The Dave Ramsey Show is heard by more than 16 million listeners each week on 600 radio stations and multiple digital platforms. Follow Dave on the web at daveramsey.com and on Twitter at @DaveRamsey
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