China acts as a digital police state
The latest online craze in China are short videos — ten or 15-second snippets, whimsical, artistic and otherwise, made and distributed with increasing creativity and popularity. China’s massive censorship machine is not far behind.
The authorities issued two rules last Wednesday that identify about 100 categories of banned content and demand that short-video platforms review all content before they are posted. The strictures are yet another reminder of the power and sweep behind China’s attempts to police the internet.
China, which boasts 800 million internet users, subjects them to the world’s largest censorship operation, including the Great Firewall that blocks thousands of foreign websites from being accessed inside the country. Censors also police all kinds of digital activity, and the demands sent to the short-video platforms offer a glimpse of how it works.
Short videos must do nothing to harm the ruling party-state, as well as its priorities or policies.
On a much larger scale, China is marshalling artificial intelligence and big data techniques to exert even greater control over its population.
Xiao Qiang, director of the Counter-Power Lab at the University of California at Berkeley’s School of Information, writes in the January issue of the Journal of Democracy that a new generation of digital technology is being used to collect information in China — from facial and voice recognition to DNA records and a ubiquitous network of surveillance cameras.
Eventually, knitting it all together could allow the state “to identify and quash opposition in advance”.
Xiao says the party-state may be building a “responsive tyranny” or a “digital totalitarian state”, which he concludes will be “a nightmare for Chinese citizens and for those all over the world who value human freedom”.
At the same time, China’s thought police have also used personal intimidation against internet users, as the Post’s Gerry Shih described in an article on January 6 about a crackdown on Twitter. The service is banned in China, but still used by many through software that bypasses the Great Firewall.
Everyone who hoped the internet era would lead to a utopia of openness and freedom must now confront the reality of a colossal digital police state in China.