Fight US corruption, stop bullying islands
LONDON (Bloomberg) — The global fight against corruption should focus on major jurisdictions rather than bullying small territories, the heads of government of two offshore centres told world leaders.
Addressing an anti-corruption summit in London yesterday, Allan Bell, chief minister of the Isle of Man, and Cayman Islands Premier Alden McLaughlin called on the US and other big countries to lead the way in legislating to open up company registers to the public.
“When Mr Obama took over he attacked a single building in Cayman for having 19,000 companies registered there. There is one building in Delaware which has 285,000 companies registered in that one building and they don't know the beneficial owners of any of them,” Bell said. “That's ten times the total number of companies we have in the Isle of Man and we know the beneficial owners of all of them.”
Nations represented at the summit, including the US, China, Russia, Afghanistan and India, pledged to expose, pursue and punish corruption by companies, government officials and individuals. Tax havens, many of which were exposed in papers leaked from the Panama law firm Mossack Fonseca last month, were singled out at the meeting for hiding the identities of owners of assets.
US Secretary of State John Kerry said the international community must unite against corruption to choke off funds for extremism and promote the rule of law.
“We have to say no safe harbour anywhere, we need to get the global community together and have no impunity for corruption,” Kerry said at the summit's opening session. “It's the beginning of something that can help us in the battle against extremism, help us in the battle for strengthening commitment to the rule of law.”
But the Isle of Man and Cayman, which are both UK territories, pushed back at the US, saying that without “truly global” action any agreement at the summit would be meaningless. In doing so, they echoed UK Prime Minister David Cameron's comments to lawmakers on Wednesday when he pointed out that, while he wanted UK territories to go further in opening up their registers, they are more transparent than many jurisdictions in the US.
“If those countries with real political clout on the world stage continue to focus only on jurisdictions that are smaller in size, while ignoring obvious jurisdictions that ought to be part of the conversation, the result will be continued failure,” McLaughlin told delegates. “To seriously tackle corruption and not just pay lip service to it we in this room must be committed to a standard that is truly global and to put behind us the shades of hypocrisy which are part and parcel of the global discussion of this issue for years and years.”
Cameron, who called the summit last year, underlined the scale of the task.
“This is going to be a journey,” he said in remarks closing the summit. “The gold standard is public registers. What I'll push for as long as there's breath in my body is for everybody to do it, not just picking on small islands. I'd like to see the United States, China, everybody do it.”
So far both the Cayman Islands and Isle of Man have joined other UK dependencies in resisting pressure from Cameron to set up public records of beneficial owners of companies registered there. They agreed to share information with the UK on beneficial owners but refused to make the information public.
Cameron is seeking to put corruption at the top of the agenda for multinational bodies including the Group of Seven industrialised countries and the United Nations. Representatives of 50 countries were at the summit and leaders from the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and pressure groups joined discussions, which were held in public and broadcast over the internet.
There were plenary sessions on exposing and tackling graft and one specifically focused on corruption in sport. Cameron, who has legislated to try to slow the amount of money being laundered through expensive homes in London, was keen to stress it is not only a problem for the developing world.
“There is no government that is entirely free from corruption, there is no country that is entirely free from corruption,” he told the summit. “We know there's more that needs to be done.”
Afghanistan, France, Kenya, the Netherlands and Nigeria told the summit they will set up public registers of company ownership while Australia, Georgia, Indonesia, Ireland, New Zealand and Norway committed to exploring doing so.